112th Annual Conference - Riverside Convention Center, California
Friday, October 31 - Sunday, November 2, 2014

This page is about the 2014 conference. For 2015 conference info, go to PAMLA 2015.

Kipling's "The Mark of the Beast":  Cultural Intolerance in British India

Laura Macarewich, "California State University, Fullerton"

In this short story, set in nineteenth century British India, a disturbing and violent conflict occurs when a British soldier insults the Hindu religion, challenging the natives to respond according to the Indian proverb: “Your gods and my gods – do you or I know which are the stronger?”